Concealed chains : labour exploitation and Chinese migrants in Europe / edited by Gao Yun.
This groundbreaking book exposes the hidden world of Chinese irregular migrants in three European countries: France, Italy and the United Kingdom.
International Labour Office,
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Table of Contents:
- Preface; Abbreviations; About the authors; Introduction; Table 1 Chinese workers overseas, 200406 (%); Focus of research; Structure and methodology; Migration costs and debt; Overview of content; The journey; Vulnerability in destination countries; Working conditions; Amnesties; Exploitation as abuse of vulnerability; Forced labour; The international legal framework; Human trafficking and smuggling of migrants; Introduction; 1. An overview of the migration mechanism betweenChina and Europe; The re-emergence of the brokerage market:A historical review.
- From snakehead to tail: The emigration brokerage hierarchyA highly profitable business: Debt and repayment; Table 2 Transnational brokerage fees, 2008; Playing edge ball: Operating between regularand irregular approaches; Introduction; 2. Exploitation of Chinese immigrants' vulnerabilitiesin France; Methodology; Human trafficking; The legal and policy framework; Forced labour; Illegal labour; Conditions of departure: The main triggers; The socio-economic situation i.