The non-identity problem and the ethics of future people / David Boonin.
David Boonin presents a new account of the non-identity problem: a puzzle about our obligations to people who do not yet exist. Our actions sometimes have an effect not only on the quality of life that people will enjoy in the future, but on which particular people will exist in the future to enjoy...
Oxford, England :
Oxford University Press,
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- Cover; The Non-Identity Problem and the Ethics of Future People; Copyright; Dedication; Preface; Contents (Short Version); Contents (Expanded Version); 1 Five Plausible Premises and One Implausible Conclusion; 1.1 What the Problem Is; 1.1.1 The Direct Version; 1.1.2 The Indirect Version; 1.1.3 Same Number Cases and Different Number Cases; 1.1.4 Bad Condition Cases and Bad Event Cases; 1.1.5 Worseness and Wrongness; 1.2 Why the Problem Matters; 1.2.1 Practical Applications; 1.2.2 Theoretical Implications; 1.3 Requirements for Solving the Problem; 1.3.1 The Independence Requirement.
- 1.3.2 The Robustness Requirement1.3.3 The Modesty Requirement; 2 Rejecting the First Premise; 2.1 The Incoherence Objection; 2.2 The De Re/De Dicto Objection; 2.3 The Metaphysical Objection; 2.4 The Equivocation Objection; 2.5 The Asymmetry Objection; 3 Rejecting the Second Premise; 3.1 Non-counterfactual Comparative Accounts of Harm; 3.1.1 The Temporal Account; 3.1.2 The Moralized Account; 3.2 Hybrid Accounts of Harm; 3.2.1 The Comparative/Non-comparative Account; 3.2.2 The Non-comparative/Comparative Account; 3.3 The Non-comparative Account of Harm.
- 3.3.1 Arguments for the Non-comparative Account of Harm3.3.2 Arguments for the Wrongness of Non-comparatively Harming; 22.214.171.124 Harman's Defense; 126.96.36.199 Shiffrin's Defense; 4 Rejecting the Third Premise; 4.1 Harming Yourself; 4.2 Harming Possible People; 5 Rejecting the Fourth Premise; 5.1 Rights-based Arguments; 5.1.1 The Direct Version; 5.1.2 The Indirect Version; 5.1.3 The Rights Waiver Argument; 5.2 Fairness-based Arguments; 5.2.1 The Veil of Ignorance Principle; 188.8.131.52 The Actual People Approach; 184.108.40.206 The Actual and Possible People Approach.
- 220.127.116.11 The Actual and De Dicto People Approach5.2.2 The Principle of Fair Play; 5.2.3 The Principle of Unfair Exploitation; 5.3 Respect-based Arguments; 5.3.1 Treating a Person as a Mere Means to an End; 5.3.2 Treating a Person as You Would Treat All Persons; 6 Rejecting the Fifth Premise; 6.1 Producing Suboptimal Consequences; 6.1.1 The Moderate Principle; 6.1.2 The Independence Problem; 18.104.22.168 The Argument from Impartiality; 22.214.171.124 The Argument from Commonsense Moral Beliefs; 126.96.36.199 The Argument from Objections to the Exclusive Version; 6.1.3 The Modesty Problem; 188.8.131.52 Rescue Cases.
- 184.108.40.206 Creation Cases220.127.116.11 Replacement Cases; 6.2 Following a Suboptimal Rule; 6.3 Violating a Scope-restricted Optimizing Principle; 6.4 Producing an Intrinsically Bad Result; 6.5 Wronging a Group; 6.6 Acting from a Defective Character; 7 Accepting the Conclusion; 7.1 Famine Relief Cases; 7.2 Rescue Cases; 7.3 The Transitivity Argument; 7.4 Different Species Cases; 7.5 The Three Distinctions Revisited; 7.6 Implications; 7.7 The Three Requirements Revisited; 7.7.1 The Independence Requirement; 7.7.2 The Robustness Requirement; 7.7.3 The Modesty Requirement.