Earths evolving climate : a geological perspective / Colin P. Summerhayes.

To understand climate change today, we first need to know how Earth's climate changed over the past 450 million years. Finding answers depends upon contributions from a wide range of sciences, not just the rock record uncovered by geologists. In Earth's Climate Evolution, Colin Summerhayes...

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Bibliographic Details
Main Author: Summerhayes, C. P.
Format: Electronic
Published: Chichester, West Sussex : Hoboken, NJ : Wiley-Blackwell : Published in association with the Scott Polar Research Institute, 2015.
Online Access:Click for online access
Table of Contents:
  • Cover; Title Page; Copyright; Dedication; Contents; Author Biography; Foreword; Acknowledgements; Chapter 1 Introduction; References; Chapter 2 The Great Cooling; 2.1 The Founding Fathers; 2.2 Charles Lyell, 'Father of Palaeoclimatology'; 2.3 Agassiz Discovers the Ice Age; 2.4 Lyell Defends Icebergs; References; Chapter 3 Ice Age Cycles; 3.1 The Astronomical Theory of Climate Change; 3.2 James Croll Develops the Theory; 3.3 Lyell Responds; 3.4 Croll Defends his Position; 3.5 Even More Ancient Ice Ages; 3.6 Not Everyone Agrees; References; Chapter 4 Trace Gases Warm the Planet.
  • 4.1 De Saussure's Hot Box4.2 William Herschel's Accidental Discovery; 4.3 Discovering Carbon Dioxide; 4.4 Fourier, the 'Newton of Heat', Discovers the 'Greenhouse Effect'; 4.5 Tyndall Shows How the 'Greenhouse Effect' Works; 4.6 Arrhenius Calculates How CO2 Affects Air Temperature; 4.7 Chamberlin's Theory of Gases and Ice Ages; References; Chapter 5 Moving Continents and Dating Rocks; 5.1 The Continents Drift; 5.2 The Seafloor Spreads; 5.3 The Dating Game; 5.4 Base Maps for Palaeoclimatology; 5.5 The Evolution of the Modern World; References; Chapter 6 Mapping Past Climates.
  • 6.1 Climate Indicators6.2 Palaeoclimatologists Get to Work; 6.3 Palaeomagneticians Enter the Field; 6.4 Oxygen Isotopes to the Rescue; 6.5 Cycles and Astronomy; 6.6 Pangaean Palaeoclimates (Carboniferous, Permian, Triassic); 6.7 Post-Break-Up Palaeoclimates (Jurassic, Cretaceous); 6.8 Numerical Models Make their Appearance; 6.9 From Wegener to Barron; References; Chapter 7 Into the Icehouse; 7.1 Climate Clues from the Deep Ocean; 7.2 Palaeoceanography; 7.3 The World's Freezer; 7.4 The Drill Bit Turns; 7.5 Global Cooling; 7.6 Arctic Glaciation; References.
  • Chapter 8 The Greenhouse Gas Theory Matures8.1 CO2 in the Atmosphere and Ocean (1930-1955); 8.2 CO2 in the Atmosphere and Ocean (1955-1979); 8.3 CO2 in the Atmosphere and Ocean (1979-1983); 8.4 Biogeochemistry: The Merging of Physics and Biology; 8.5 The Carbon Cycle; 8.6 Oceanic Carbon; 8.7 Measuring CO2 in the Oceans; 8.8 A Growing International Emphasis; 8.9 Reflection on Developments; References; Chapter 9 Measuring and Modelling CO2 Back through Time; 9.1 CO2: The Palaeoclimate Perspective; 9.2 Fossil CO2; 9.3 Measuring CO2 Back through Time; 9.4 Modelling CO2 and Climate.
  • 9.5 The Critics GatherReferences; Chapter 10 The Pulse of the Earth; 10.1 Climate Cycles and Tectonic Forces; 10.2 Ocean Chemistry; 10.3 Black Shales; 10.4 Sea Level; 10.5 Biogeochemical Cycles, Gaia and Cybertectonic Earth; 10.6 Meteorite Impacts; 10.7 Massive Volcanic Eruptions; References; Chapter 11 Numerical Climate Models and Case Histories; 11.1 CO2 and General Circulation Models; 11.2 CO2 and Climate in the Early Cenozoic; 11.3 The First Great Ice Sheet; 11.4 Hyperthermal Events; 11.5 Case History: The Palaeocene-Eocene Boundary; 11.6 CO2 and Climate in the Late Cenozoic.