Chipless RFID sensors / Nemai Chandra Karmakar, Emran Md Amin, Jhantu Kumar Saha.

"Providing a classification of smart materials based on sensing physical parameters (i.e. humidity, temperature, pH, gas, strain, light, etc.)"--

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Bibliographic Details
Main Authors: Karmakar, Nemai Chandra, 1963- (Author), Amin, Emran Md (Author), Saha, Jhantu Kumar (Author)
Format: Electronic
Language:English
Published: Hoboken, New Jersey : Wiley, 2016.
Subjects:
Online Access:Click for online access
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100 1 |a Karmakar, Nemai Chandra,  |d 1963-  |e author. 
245 1 0 |a Chipless RFID sensors /  |c Nemai Chandra Karmakar, Emran Md Amin, Jhantu Kumar Saha. 
264 1 |a Hoboken, New Jersey :  |b Wiley,  |c 2016. 
300 |a 1 online resource 
336 |a text  |b txt  |2 rdacontent 
337 |a computer  |b c  |2 rdamedia 
338 |a online resource  |b cr  |2 rdacarrier 
520 |a "Providing a classification of smart materials based on sensing physical parameters (i.e. humidity, temperature, pH, gas, strain, light, etc.)"--  |c Provided by publisher 
504 |a Includes bibliographical references and index. 
500 |a Machine generated contents note: Preface Acknowledgement Abbreviations Symbols Chapter 1 Introduction 1.1 Tracking ID Technology 1.2 Chipless RFID Sensor System 1.3 Proposed Chipless RFID Sensor 1.4 Chapter Overview Chapter 2 Literature Review 2.1 Introduction 2.2 Traditional RFID Sensors 2.3 Challenges and Limitations of Current Chipless RFID Sensor 2.4 Motivation for a Novel Chipless RFID Sensor 2.5 Proposed Chipless RFID Sensor 2.6 Conclusion Chapter 3 Passive Microwave Design 3.1 Introduction 3.2 Chapter Overview 3.3 Theory 3.4 Design 3.5 Simulation and Measured Results 3.6 Conclusion Chapter 4 Smart Materials for Chipless RFID Sensors 4.1 Introduction 4.2 Sensing Materials 4.3 Temperature Sensing Materials 4.4 Humidity Sensing Materials 4.5 PH Sensing Materials 4.6 Gas Sensing Materials 4.7 Strain and Crack Sensing Materials 4.8 Light Sensing Materials 4.9 Other Potentials Smart Materials for RF Sensing 4.10 Discussion 4.11 Conclusion Chapter 5 Characterization of Smart Materials 5.1 Introduction 5.2 Characterization of Materials 5.3 X-Ray Diffraction 5.4 Raman Scattering Spectroscopy 5.5 Secondary ion mass spectrometer (SIMS) 5.6 Transmission Electron Microscopy (TEM) 5.7 Scanning Electron Microscopy (SEM) 5.8 Atomic Force Microscopy (AFM) 5.9 Infrared Spectroscopy (Fourier-Transform Infrared Reflection, FTIR) 5.10 Spectroscopic Ellipsometry 5.11 UV-Visible Spectrometers 5.12 Electrical Conductivity Measurement 5.13 Microwave Characterization (scattering parameters i.e. complex permittivity, dielectric loss, reflection loss etc.) for sensing materials 5.14 Discussion on characterization of smart materials 5.15 Conclusion Chapter 6 Chipless RFID Sensor for Non-invasive PD Detection and Localization 6.1 Introduction 6.2 Theory 6.3 PD Localization using Cascaded Multi-resonator Sensor 6.4 Simultaneous PD Detection 6.5 Conclusion Chapter 7 Chipless RFID Sensor for Real-time Environmental Monitoring 7.1 Introduction 7.2 Phase 1. Humidity Sensing Polymer Characterisation and Sensitivity Analysis 7.3 Phase 2. Chipless RFID Humidity Sensor 7.4 Conclusion Chapter 8 Chipless RFID Temperature Memory and Multiparameter Sensor 8.1 Introduction 8.2 Phase 1: Chipless RFID Memory Sensor 8.3 Phase 2: Chipless RFID Multi-parameter Sensor 8.4 Conclusion Chapter 9 Nanofabrication Techniques for Chipless RFID Sensors 9.1 Introduction 9.2 Fabrication Techniques 9.3 Electro-Deposition 9.4 Physical Vapor Deposition 9.5 Wet-Chemical Synthesis 9.6 Plasma Processing 9.7 Etching 9.8 Laser Etching 9.9 Lithography 9.10 Surface or Bulk Micromachining 9.11 Printing Techniques 9.12 Discussion on nano-fabrication techniques 9.13 Conclusion Chapter 10 Chipless RFID Reader Architecture 10.1 Introduction 10.2 Reader Architecture 10.3 Operation Flow Chart of a Chipless RFID Reader 10.4 Conclusion Chapter 11 Case Studies 11.1 Introduction 11.2 Food Safety 11.3 Health 11.4 Smart Home 11.5 Agricultural Industry 11.6 Emergencies Services 11.7 Infrastructure Condition Monitoring 11.8 Transportation 11.9 Security 11.10 Power Industry 11.11 Discussion 11.12 Conclusion Bibliography Index. 
588 0 |a Print version record and CIP data provided by publisher. 
505 0 |a Preface xv -- Acknowledgments xxi -- Abbreviations xxiii -- Symbols xxv -- 1 Introduction 1 -- 1.1 Tracking ID Technology, 1 -- 1.1.1 Barcoding, 1 -- 1.1.2 Radio-Frequency Identification, 3 -- 1.1.3 Chipless RFID, 4 -- 1.1.4 Chipless RFID Sensors, 4 -- 1.2 Chipless RFID Sensor System, 6 -- 1.3 Proposed Chipless RFID Sensor, 7 -- 1.4 Chapter Overview, 7 -- 1.4.1 Chapter 1: Introduction, 7 -- 1.4.2 Chapter 2: Literature Review, 7 -- 1.4.3 Chapter 3: Passive Microwave Designs, 8 -- 1.4.4 Chapter 4: Smart Materials for Chipless RFID Sensors, 9 -- 1.4.5 Chapter 5: Characterization of Smart Materials, 9 -- 1.4.6 Chapter 6: Chipless RFID Sensor for Noninvasive PD Detection and Localization, 9 -- 1.4.7 Chapter 7: Chipless RFID Sensor for Real-Time Environment Monitoring, 10 -- 1.4.8 Chapter 8: Chipless RFID Temperature Memory and Multiparameter Sensor, 10 -- 1.4.9 Chapter 9: Nanofabrication Techniques for Chipless RFID Sensor, 10 -- 1.4.10 Chapter 10: Chipless RFID Reader Architecture, 10 -- 1.4.11 Chapter 11: Case Studies, 11 -- References, 11 -- 2 Literature Review 13 -- 2.1 Introduction, 13 -- 2.2 Traditional RFID Sensors, 14 -- 2.2.1 Active RFID Sensors, 14 -- 2.2.2 Passive RFID Sensors, 15 -- 2.2.3 Low-Cost Chipless RFID Sensors, 16 -- 2.3 Challenges and Limitations of Current Chipless RFID Sensors, 21 -- 2.3.1 Fully Printable, 21 -- 2.3.2 Smart Sensing Materials, 22 -- 2.3.3 Multiple Parameter Sensing, 22 -- 2.3.4 Chipless RFID Sensor Systems, 22 -- 2.3.5 Applications, 22 -- 2.4 Motivation for a Novel Chipless RFID Sensor, 23 -- 2.5 Proposed Chipless RFID Sensor, 23 -- 2.5.1 Noninvasive PD Detection and Localization, 23 -- 2.5.2 Real-Time Environment Monitoring, 24 -- 2.5.3 Nonvolatile Memory Sensor for Event Detection, 24 -- 2.5.4 Single-Node Multiparameter Chipless RFID Sensor, 24 -- 2.6 Conclusion, 24 -- References, 25 -- 3 Passive Microwave Design 29 -- 3.1 Introduction, 29 -- 3.2 Chapter Overview, 29 -- 3.3 Theory, 31 -- 3.3.1 Passive Microwave Components, 31. 
505 8 |a 3.3.2 Integrated Chipless RFID Sensor, 39 -- 3.4 Design, 40 -- 3.4.1 Tri-Step SIR, 40 -- 3.4.2 Semicircular Patch Antenna, 43 -- 3.4.3 Cascaded Multiresonator-Based Chipless RFID Sensor, 43 -- 3.4.4 Multislot Patch Resonator, 44 -- 3.4.5 ELC Resonator for RF Sensing, 48 -- 3.4.6 Backscatterer-Based Chipless RFID Tag Sensor, 49 -- 3.5 Simulation and Measured Results, 54 -- 3.5.1 Tri-Step SIR, 54 -- 3.5.2 Semicircular Patch Antenna, 55 -- 3.5.3 Cascaded Multiresonator-Based Chipless RFID Sensor, 56 -- 3.5.4 Multislot Patch Resonator, 56 -- 3.5.5 ELC Resonator, 62 -- 3.5.6 Backscatterer-Based Chipless RFID Tag Sensor, 62 -- 3.6 Conclusion, 65 -- References, 67 -- 4 Smart Materials for Chipless RFID Sensors 69 -- 4.1 Introduction, 69 -- 4.2 Sensing Materials, 70 -- 4.2.1 Smart Materials, 71 -- 4.2.2 Classification of Smart Materials for RF Sensing, 72 -- 4.3 Temperature Sensing Materials, 73 -- 4.3.1 Phenanthrene, 73 -- 4.3.2 Ionic Plastic Crystal, 73 -- 4.3.3 Nanostructured Metal Oxide, 76 -- 4.4 Humidity Sensing Materials, 77 -- 4.4.1 Kapton, 77 -- 4.4.2 Polyvinyl Alcohol, 78 -- 4.5 pH Sensing Materials, 78 -- 4.6 Gas Sensing Materials, 79 -- 4.7 Strain and Crack Sensing Materials, 80 -- 4.8 Light Sensing Materials, 80 -- 4.8.1 SIR Loaded with CdS Photoresistor, 81 -- 4.9 Other Potentials Smart Materials for RF Sensing, 82 -- 4.9.1 Graphene, 83 -- 4.9.2 Nanowires, 85 -- 4.9.3 Nanoparticles, 85 -- 4.9.4 Nanocomposites, 86 -- 4.10 Discussion, 88 -- 4.11 Conclusion, 93 -- References, 94 -- 5 Characterization of Smart Materials 99 -- 5.1 Introduction, 99 -- 5.2 Characterization of Materials for Microwave Sensing, 101 -- 5.3 X-Ray Diffraction, 101 -- 5.4 Raman Scattering Spectroscopy, 102 -- 5.5 Secondary Ion Mass Spectrometer, 103 -- 5.6 Transmission Electron Microscopy, 104 -- 5.7 Scanning Electron Microscope, 104 -- 5.8 Atomic Force Microscopy, 105 -- 5.9 Infrared Spectroscopy (Fourier Transform Infrared Reflection), 106 -- 5.10 Spectroscopic Ellipsometry, 106 -- 5.10.1 Basic Steps for a Model-Based Analysis, 111. 
505 8 |a 5.10.2 Layered Optical Model, 111 -- 5.10.3 Optical Model for Surface Roughness, 112 -- 5.10.4 Approximation of Surface Roughness As an Oxide Layer, 112 -- 5.10.5 Optical Model for Index Gradients, 112 -- 5.10.6 Procedure for an Ellipsometric Modeling, 113 -- 5.10.7 Regression, 113 -- 5.10.8 Dielectric Film, 114 -- 5.10.9 Mixed or Composite Materials, 114 -- 5.10.10 Accuracy and Precision of SE Experiments, 114 -- 5.11 UV-Visible Spectrophotometers, 115 -- 5.12 Electrical Conductivity Measurement, 115 -- 5.13 Microwave Characterization (Scattering Parameters--Complex Permittivity, Dielectric Loss, and Reflection Loss) for Sensing Materials, 117 -- 5.13.1 Basic Microwave-Material Interaction Aspects, 118 -- 5.13.2 Methods of Measurement of Dielectric Properties, 119 -- 5.14 Discussion on Characterization of Smart Materials, 120 -- 5.15 Conclusion, 121 -- References, 123 -- 6 Chipless RFID Sensor for Noninvasive PD Detection and Localization 125 -- 6.1 Introduction, 125 -- 6.1.1 Radiometric PD Detection, 127 -- 6.2 Theory, 128 -- 6.2.1 Proposed PD Sensor, 128 -- 6.2.2 PD Sensor System Overview, 129 -- 6.2.3 Simultaneous PD Detection, 130 -- 6.3 PD Localization Using Cascaded Multiresonator-Based Sensor, 133 -- 6.3.1 PD Sensor, 133 -- 6.3.2 Experimentation with PD Signal, 133 -- 6.3.3 Data Encoding in PD Signal, 134 -- 6.4 Simultaneous PD Detection, 138 -- 6.4.1 Time-Frequency Analysis, 138 -- 6.4.2 Effect of Time and Frequency Resolution, 138 -- 6.4.3 Simultaneous PD Detection Incorporating Time Delay, 141 -- 6.5 Conclusion, 143 -- References, 145 -- 7 Chipless RFID Sensor for Real-Time Environment Monitoring 149 -- 7.1 Introduction, 149 -- 7.2 Phase 1. Humidity Sensing Polymer Characterization and Sensitivity Analysis, 149 -- 7.2.1 Theory of Dielectric Sensor, 149 -- 7.2.2 Characterization of Humidity Sensing Polymers, 151 -- 7.2.3 Sensitivity Curve and Comparative Study, 156 -- 7.3 Phase 2. Chipless RFID Humidity Sensor, 161 -- 7.3.1 Backscatterer-Based Chipless RFID Humidity Sensor, 161. 
505 8 |a 7.3.2 Experimentation and Results, 162 -- 7.3.3 Calibration Curve for Humidity Sensor, 163 -- 7.3.4 Hysteresis Analysis, 165 -- 7.4 Conclusion, 168 -- References, 169 -- 8 Chipless RFID Temperature Memory and Multiparameter Sensor 171 -- 8.1 Introduction, 171 -- 8.2 Phase 1: Chipless RFID Memory Sensor, 173 -- 8.2.1 Theory, 173 -- 8.2.2 Design of Memory Sensor with ELC Resonator, 174 -- 8.2.3 Experimentation for Chipless RFID Memory Sensor, 175 -- 8.3 Phase 2: Chipless RFID Multiparameter Sensor, 178 -- 8.3.1 Theory, 178 -- 8.3.2 Design, 179 -- 8.3.3 Experimentation for Multiple Parameter Sensing, 180 -- 8.3.4 Practical Challenges of Multiparameter Chipless Sensors, 183 -- 8.4 Conclusion, 183 -- References, 184 -- 9 Nanofabrication Techniques for Chipless RFID Sensors 187 -- 9.1 Chapter Overview, 187 -- 9.2 Fabrication Techniques, 188 -- 9.2.1 Introduction, 188 -- 9.2.2 Classification of Fabrication Techniques, 188 -- 9.3 Electrodeposition, 189 -- 9.4 Physical Vapor Deposition, 189 -- 9.4.1 Thermal Evaporation, 190 -- 9.4.2 Sputtering, 190 -- 9.4.3 Molecular Beam Epitaxy, 191 -- 9.5 Wet Chemical Synthesis, 192 -- 9.6 Plasma Processing, 193 -- 9.7 Etching, 194 -- 9.8 Laser Processing, 195 -- 9.9 Lithography, 196 -- 9.9.1 Photolithography, 196 -- 9.9.2 Electron beam lithography, 198 -- 9.9.3 Ion beam lithography, 200 -- 9.9.4 Nanoimprint lithography (NIL)/Hot Embossing, 201 -- 9.9.5 Thermal Nanoimprint Lithography, 201 -- 9.9.6 UV-Based Nanoimprint Lithography, 202 -- 9.9.7 Reverse Contact UVNIL-RUVNIL, 203 -- 9.10 Surface or Bulk Micromachining, 203 -- 9.11 Printing Techniques, 204 -- 9.11.1 Screen Printing, 205 -- 9.11.2 Inkjet Printing, 207 -- 9.11.3 Laser Printing, 209 -- 9.12 Discussion on Nanofabrication Techniques, 209 -- 9.13 Chipless RFID Sensors on Flexible Substrates, 213 -- 9.14 Conclusion, 213 -- References, 215 -- 10 Chipless RFID Reader Architecture 217 -- 10.1 Introduction, 217 -- 10.2 Reader Architecture, 217 -- 10.2.1 RF Module, 218 -- 10.2.2 Digital Module, 219. 
505 8 |a 10.3 Operational Flowchart of a Chipless RFID Reader, 221 -- 10.3.1 Reader Calibration, 221 -- 10.3.2 Real-Time Sensor Data Decoding, 223 -- 10.3.3 Tag ID Decoding, 223 -- 10.4 Conclusion, 223 -- References, 224 -- 11 Case Studies 225 -- 11.1 Introduction, 225 -- 11.2 Food Safety, 226 -- 11.3 Health, 229 -- 11.4 Emergency Services, 232 -- 11.5 Smart Home, 234 -- 11.6 Agricultural Industry, 234 -- 11.7 Infrastructure Condition Monitoring, 236 -- 11.8 Transportation and Logistics, 236 -- 11.9 Authentication and Security, 236 -- 11.9.1 Solution, 237 -- 11.10 Power Industry, 238 -- 11.11 Conclusion and Original Contributions, 239 -- References, 241 -- Index 243. 
650 0 |a Radio frequency identification systems. 
650 7 |a TECHNOLOGY & ENGINEERING  |x Mobile & Wireless Communications.  |2 bisacsh 
650 7 |a TECHNOLOGY & ENGINEERING  |x Radio.  |2 bisacsh 
650 7 |a Radio frequency identification systems  |2 fast 
700 1 |a Amin, Emran Md,  |e author. 
700 1 |a Saha, Jhantu Kumar,  |e author. 
776 0 8 |i Print version:  |a Karmakar, Nemai Chandra, 1963-  |t Chipless RFID sensors.  |d Hoboken : Wiley, 2016  |z 9781118936009  |w (DLC) 2015040506 
856 4 0 |u https://ebookcentral.proquest.com/lib/holycrosscollege-ebooks/detail.action?docID=4307075  |y Click for online access 
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