The chemistry knowledge for firefighters / Torsten Schmiermund.

Chemistry is a "closed book" for many people. The voluntary nature of dealing with it is therefore also rather low. But especially in the fire department, which is strongly characterized by volunteerism, a reasonable basic knowledge of chemistry is indispensable if you want to understand t...

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Bibliographic Details
Main Author: Schmiermund, Torsten (Author)
Format: eBook
Language:English
German
Published: Berlin : Springer, [2023]
Subjects:
Online Access:Click for online access
Uniform Title:Chemiewissen für die Feuerwehr.

MARC

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024 7 |a 10.1007/978-3-662-64423-2  |2 doi 
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100 1 |a Schmiermund, Torsten,  |e author. 
240 1 0 |a Chemiewissen für die Feuerwehr.  |l English 
245 1 4 |a The chemistry knowledge for firefighters /  |c Torsten Schmiermund. 
264 1 |a Berlin :  |b Springer,  |c [2023] 
264 4 |c ©2023 
300 |a 1 online resource (xx, 737 pages) :  |b illustrations 
336 |a text  |b txt  |2 rdacontent 
337 |a computer  |b c  |2 rdamedia 
338 |a online resource  |b cr  |2 rdacarrier 
546 |a Translated from German. 
504 |a Includes bibliographical references and index. 
520 |a Chemistry is a "closed book" for many people. The voluntary nature of dealing with it is therefore also rather low. But especially in the fire department, which is strongly characterized by volunteerism, a reasonable basic knowledge of chemistry is indispensable if you want to understand the interrelationships. And this applies not only to those firefighters who are on duty in the hazardous materials groups/brigades and are entrusted with combating NBC hazards. Or the plant fire departments in the chemical industry, who - it is thought - come into contact with hazardous materials much more frequently. It concerns all fire department members - even if depending upon size and range of tasks in different characteristics. The participant in the basic firefighting training course has just as many "chemical" topics as the graduate of the German B-IV course (= company leader of the whole-time fire brigade). The whole is deepened both in the NBC specialized courses, in training to CBRN / CBRNE danger situations or the regular out and advanced training of crews and high-level personnel. This book explains scientific facts and relates them to possible hazards at the incident site. Safety-related key figures are explained on the basis of chemical-physical properties and their relevance for operations is explained. Embedded in the basics of general, inorganic and organic chemistry, questions concerning the selection of binding agents, the neutralization of acids as well as the fire behavior of plastics and the effect of flame retardants are addressed. In addition, the areas of radioactivity and radiation protection, chemical warfare agents and bioweapons, and the processes involved in burning and extinguishing are covered, so that the entire spectrum of "chemistry for the fire department" is covered. The Author Torsten Schmiermund has worked as a chemical technician in the chemical industry for many years and has been a district instructor for the volunteer fire department since 2005. This book is a translation of the original German 1st edition Das Chemiewissen fur die Feuerwehr by Torsten Schmiermund, published by Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature in 2019. The translation was done with the help of artificial intelligence (machine translation by the service DeepL.com). A subsequent human revision was done primarily in terms of content, so that the book will read stylistically differently from a conventional translation. Springer Nature works continuously to further the development of tools for the production of books and on the related technologies to support the authors. 
588 0 |a Online resource; title from PDF title page (SpringerLink, viewed November 22, 2022). 
505 0 |a Intro -- Foreword -- Foreword -- Foreword to the English edition -- Thank You -- Contents -- Part I: Introduction -- 1: The Natural Sciences -- 1.1 Differentiation of the Natural Sciences -- 1.2 Differentiation of Physical and Chemical Processes -- 1.3 What Are These ``Substances?́́ -- 1.4 Models -- 2: Substances and Mixtures -- 2.1 Substance Separation -- 2.1.1 Separation of Heterogeneous Systems -- 2.1.2 Separation of Homogeneous Systems -- 2.2 Element and Connection -- Example 1 -- Example 2 -- 2.3 Substance Properties of Interest to the Fire Brigade -- Part II: Forms of States of Matter 
505 8 |a 3: Aggregate States -- 3.1 Heat Transport -- 3.1.1 What Is ``Heat?́́ -- 3.1.2 What Is ``Temperature?́́ -- 3.1.2.1 Temperature Scales -- 3.1.3 Heat Conduction -- Calculation of Linear Expansion -- Rule of Thumb -- 3.1.3.1 Thermal Conductivity -- 3.1.4 Heat Convection (Convection) -- 3.1.4.1 Volume Expansion -- Calculation of the Volume Expansion -- Rule of thumb -- 3.1.4.2 Apparent Volume Expansion -- 3.1.4.3 Volume Expansion in Completely Filled Containers -- 3.1.5 Thermal Radiation -- 3.1.6 Heat Transport and Fire Occurrence -- 3.2 Change of the State of Aggregation 
505 8 |a 3.2.1 Transitions Solid Liquid -- 3.2.1.1 Melting Point -- 3.2.1.2 Solidification Point -- 3.2.2 Transitions Liquid Gaseous -- 3.2.2.1 Boiling Point -- 3.2.2.2 Evaporation -- 3.2.3 Transitions Solid Gaseous -- 3.2.4 Vapour Pressure Condition -- 3.2.4.1 Water Steam Volatility -- 3.3 Important Safety-Related Values -- 3.3.1 Evaporation Number -- 3.3.2 Vapour Pressure -- 3.3.3 Flash Point, Inflammation Point, Ignition Temperature -- 3.3.3.1 Water-Miscible Flammable Liquids -- 3.3.4 Explosion Range -- 3.3.4.1 About the Measurement Technology -- 3.3.4.2 Calculated Estimation LEL/UEL -- Example 
505 8 |a 3.3.5 Vapour Density Ratio -- 3.3.6 Basic Tactical Rules -- 3.4 Specific Heat Capacity and Latent Heats -- 3.4.1 Specific Heat Capacity -- 3.4.2 Heat of Fusion -- 3.4.3 Heat of Evaporation -- 3.4.4 Heat of Sublimation -- 3.4.5 Heat Quantity Calculations -- 3.4.5.1 Heat Mixtures without Changes of Aggregate State -- Calculation Example 1 -- Calculation Example 2 -- 3.4.5.2 Heat Mixtures with Changes of Aggregate State -- 3.4.6 Changes of Aggregate State and Extinguishing Agent Use -- 3.4.6.1 Water -- 3.4.6.2 Foam -- 3.4.6.3 Carbon Dioxide -- 3.4.6.4 Extinguishing Powder 
505 8 |a 3.4.7 Aggregate States in NBC Operations -- 4: Gases -- 4.1 Ideal Gas -- 4.2 Pressure and Temperature -- 4.3 Boyle-Mariotte Law -- 4.4 Law of Amontons -- 4.5 Law of Gay-Lussac -- 4.6 General Gas Equation -- 4.6.1 Absolute Zero -- 4.7 Avogadro Theorem -- 4.8 Universal Gas Equation -- Calculation Example ``Universal Gas Equation ́́ -- 4.9 Standard Conditions -- 4.10 Partial Pressures -- 4.11 Diffusion -- 4.11.1 Diffusion Coefficient (Diffusion Constant) -- 4.11.2 Brownian Molecular Motion -- 4.12 Real Gases -- 4.12.1 Breathing Air -- A Real Gas -- 4.12.2 Critical Pressure and Critical Temperature 
650 0 |a Fire extinction. 
650 0 |a Chemistry. 
650 7 |a chemistry.  |2 aat 
650 7 |a Chemistry  |2 fast 
650 7 |a Fire extinction  |2 fast 
758 |i has work:  |a CHEMISTRY KNOWLEDGE FOR FIREFIGHTERS (Text)  |1 https://id.oclc.org/worldcat/entity/E39PCXXR4wBtvMbCQDcGHXPTpd  |4 https://id.oclc.org/worldcat/ontology/hasWork 
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